American Cockroach

American Cockroach

Size:

Colour:

Shape:

Key Identifying factors:

32-54 mm long

Reddish brown – yellow mark on top of head

Long narrow flat body

American Cockroaches have a yellowish band on the thorax which is often described as an 8 pattern.

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American cockroaches, should I be concerned?

Potential health concerns
American Cockroaches are known for carrying 33 different types of bacteria such as E. coli and Salmonella as well as parasitic worms. They are sometimes a source for food contamination in restaurants and food manufacturing plants. The American Cockroaches saliva, fecal droppings, and urine contain allergen proteins known to cause allergic reactions and asthma attacks.

What happens if left ignored?
American Cockroaches reproduce at a rapid speed so they will cause what seems like an uncontrollable infestation quickly. Long exposures to cockroaches can cause health issues such as the development of dermatitis, severe itching, and can even develop into serious respiratory conditions. Infestations left untreated can cause year-round allergens for children and adults. 

Habitat

American Cockroaches like to live in moist areas but can also be found in dry areas if they have a water source nearby. They prefer warmer temperature and do not tolerate the cold. They are commonly found in sewers, basements, behind appliances, and inside food storage areas.

Behaviour
American Cockroaches can bite but rarely do they. They are one of the fastest running insects on earth, covering 5 body lengths per second. Their egg capsules are called an “ootheca” which are dark brown and can hold 16 eggs. Females will drop the ootheca within a day of formation. They can produce a new oothecas every 9-10 days producing anywhere between 10-30 oothecas in a lifespan. 

The females are constantly on search for dark undisturbed areas to safely reproduce. The American Cockroach can hold their breath for 40 minutes while in water which allows them to enter structures through drains and sewer systems.

Diet
American Cockroaches are opportunistic eaters, and they like to eat a variety of different materials. Studies have shown that they prefer fermenting materials but will eat anything from crumbs underneath your appliances, to left out pet food, decaying leaves and small insects. 

 

Key tips for prevention
The best way to keep American cockroaches out of your home to take a preventative measure. Inspecting items such as used furniture and groceries before bringing them into your space, installing screens on drains, and sealing cracks and openings leading into your structure. 

Taking the extra step of sealing items such as pipe chases, cupboards, broken tiles inside your kitchen and bathroom will eliminate harbourage sites. Repair all leaking pipes and air out moist areas frequently. Store wood piles away from your home. 

Caution for self-treatment
American Cockroaches can breed rapidly. Often their dropping is mistaken for mouse dropping and can lead you to treat for mice when what you have are cockroaches; allowing the infestation to get bigger. Many insecticides have repellents in them cause them to disperse and spread throughout the structures.

Hire a pest control professional
An American cockroach infestation poses many health risks. If you are seeing dark little spots running out the corner of your eye, you may have a cockroach infestation. Hiring a professional pest control company that can deal with these unique situations will prevent the infestations from getting worse and provide you with key prevention tips to prevent future infestations.  

Many do it yourself remedies will do little to tackle the mouse population and can lead to recurrent infestations in your space. Depend on a reputable pest control company and get rid of your roach infestation. Call Integral Pest Services for expert advice and guaranteed results.

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