Mole

mole

 

Size:

Colour:

Key Identifying factors:

 

5-7 inches. Nose to tail

Black

Moles have extra thumbs next to their regular thumb, they have velvety fur with pink fleshy snouts

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Should I be concerned?

Potential health concerns
Moles can spread plant disease through their movements. They are also known to be carriers of fleas, ticks, tapeworms and bartonella which carry different diseases that can be transferred to people.

What happens if left ignored?
They will damage your lawn and leave tunnels all through your yard, they will also destroy any plants or gardens you may have.

Habitat
Moles like to live in grasslands, gardens, sand dunes, woodlands or any area with soil that they can dig in. They dig tunnels to travel and live in. In their tunnel’s moles have “kitchens” where they keep their earthworms alive and immobile before they eat them.

Behaviour
Moles like to live alone underground in their tunnels, they are known as loners. They spend majority of their time digging and searching for food. Moles are also known to be able to breath underground by reusing exhaled air, and they breath in higher levels of carbon dioxide than other mammals.

Moles breeding season is usually February through May. When they males are searching for females, they let out a high-pitched squeal and tunnel through different areas. A female’s gestation periods is approximately 42 days, they have 3-5 young per litter.

Moles usually live about 3 years, but some can live to about 6 years.

Diet
Moles diets mainly consist of earthworms, but they will also eat other invertebrates from the soil, and insect larvae. They have saliva that contains a toxin that paralyzes the earthworms so the moles can store and eat them later. Before eating earthworms, moles like to squeeze the dirt out of their guts. They will eat close to their body weight worth of earthworms per day

Key tips for prevention
Moles will be discouraged by attracting natural predators such as owls. You can also create barriers around your yard, garden, and landscaping. Creating a healthy lawn by eliminating grubs will also reduce moles in your yard.  

Caution for self-treatment
There are no cautions for self-treatment. Controlling moles is an ongoing process and will require regular monitoring. 

Hire a professional pest service
Professional Pest Control can offer more than a traditional trapping service that will be more effective at catching and preventing moles. Moles don’t take to baits because they prefer to eat earthworms alive and feed on soil insects.

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